15 Facts nobody told you about Ibadan City
The City of Ibadan was created in 1829 as a war camp for warriors coming from Oyo, Ife and Ijebu. A forest site and several ranges of hills, varying in elevation from 160 to 275 metres, offered strategic defence opportunities.
Ibadan is the third most populous city in Nigeria after Lagos and Kano, with a population of about three million inhabitants. Ibadan is the largest indigenous city in West Africa and is located in the South Western part of Oyo State of Nigeria.
It is the capital city of Oyo State and is located about 145 km north-east of Lagos, the commercial capital of Nigeria. It is the site of the first television station in Africa, the home of Nigeria’s first university, the University of Ibadan, and Nigeria’s first skyscraper, Cocoa House, which opened in 1965.
There are lots of interesting facts about Ibadan which nobody told you. Here are some of them:
1. Ibadan is a city built on seven hills. Ibadan (Yoruba: Ìbàdàn or fully Ìlú Ẹ̀bá-Ọ̀dàn, the town at the junction of the savannah and the forest), the capital of Oyo State, is the second largest city in Nigeria by population after Lagos and the largest in geographical area. At independence, Ibadan was the largest and the most populous city in Nigeria and the third in Africa after Cairo and Johannesburg. Its central location and accessibility from the capital city of Lagos were major considerations in the choice of Ibadan as the headquarters of the Western Provinces (1939), which became the Western Region of Nigeria in 1952.
2. Ibadan polo tournament: This is an annual event that brings Polo enthusiasts from far and near. The event, organized by Ibadan Polo Club, is held between January and February every year at the polo grounds in Eleyele in Ibadan.
3. The first skyscraper in Nigeria, Cocoa House, is in Ibadan.
4. Ibadan has the first standard Nigerian stadium; The Obafemi Awolowo Stadium formerly Liberty Stadium.
5. Ibadan is the cheapest city to live, in South-West Nigeria.
6. Ibadan was founded by ‘Iron and blood’ and right from the beginning, a military aristocracy was set up where most of the notable warriors of the 1830s controlled the reins of government.
7. Long-established oral traditions speak of “three Ibadans”, the first two being smaller settlements inhabited by some migrants from other parts of yorubaland, including the Egba Gbagura who were later to move to Abeokuta.
8. The first Ibadan disintegrated as a result of destruction; the second suffered from defeat and desertion, while the third has remained in existence ever since.
9. There are more federal tertiary institutions/institutes in Ibadan than any other city in Nigeria.
10. Tourist attractions in Ibadan include: Agodi Gardens and Leisure Park. The Palms shopping mall, Shop rite Ring Road. Ventura Mall, Samonda. University of Ibadan Zoological Garden. Bower Tower. Mapo Hall. Kankanfo Inn, etc.
11. Some notable people from Ibadan include; Prof. Oluremi Shonaiya (b. 1955), Prof. Toyin Falola (b. 1953), Prof. Jadesola O. Akande (1940 – 2008), Prof. Oladapo Afolabi (b. 1953), Mr. James Olubunmi Aboderin (1934 – 1984), Dr. Tunde Adegbola (b. 1955), Akin Alabi (b. 1977), Chief Theophilus Akinyele (b. 1932), Oba Samuel Odulana (1914 – 2016), Oba Isaac Babalola Akinyele (1882 – 1964), Bishop Alexander Babatunde Akinyele (1875 – 1968), Pa Taiwo Michael Akinkunmi (b. 1936), Dr. Abraham Olukayode Ajulo (b. 1974), Chief Richard Akinjide (b. c. 1932), Chief (Mrs) Olajumoke Akinjide (b. 1959), Kofoworola Abeni Pratt (1910 – 1992), Oba Samuel Adetunji (b. 1928) and Brigadier General Raji Alagbe Rasaki (b. 1947).
12. The busiest highway in Nigeria, Lagos-Ibadan expressway, terminates in Ibadan.
13. Ibadan boasts of the oldest surviving private-owned Newspaper (The Nigerian Tribune).
14. The city of Ibadan is naturally drained by four rivers with many tributaries: Ona River in the North and West; Ogbere River towards the East; Ogunpa River flowing through the city and Kudeti River in the Central part of the metropolis.
15. Lastly, Nigeria’s premier university, the University of Ibadan is situated there.
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